What is ADHD
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: What Is ADHD?
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is also known as hyperactivity or attention deficit disorder (ADD). ADHD is a common condition that affects both children and adults.
Children with ADHD generally have problems paying attention or concentrating. They can’t seem to follow directions and are easily bored or frustrated with tasks. They also tend to move constantly and are impulsive, not stopping to think before they act. These behaviors are generally common in children. But they occur more often than usual and are more severe in a child with ADHD.
The behaviors that are common with ADHD interfere with a child’s ability to function at school and at home.
What are ADHD symptoms in children?
Symptoms of ADHD in children are generally grouped into three categories: inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness.
Inattention — A child with ADHD:
is easily distracted
does not follow directions or finish tasks
does not appear to be listening when someone is speaking
does not pay attention and makes careless mistakes
is forgetful about daily activities
has problems organizing daily tasks
avoids or dislikes activities that require sitting still or a sustained effort
often loses things, including personal items
has a tendency to daydream
Hyperactivity — A child with ADHD:
often squirms, fidgets, or bounces when sitting
does not stay seated as expected
has difficulty playing quietly
is always moving, such as running or climbing on things (In teens and adults, this is more commonly described as a sense of restlessness)
Impulsivity — A child with ADHD:
has difficulty waiting for his or her turn
blurts out answers before the question has been completed
often interrupts others
Whether or not your child has been diagnosed with ADHD, there are a number of ways you can help to manage their behaviors:
Understand the symptoms of ADHD to try to avoid punishing your child for having ADHD. Predetermine how you will react in situations to avoid overreacting and then dismissing a punishment. Be as consistent as possible.
When giving directions or instructions, keep them simple. Keep them to one instruction at a possible and give directions in one sentence. Children with ADHD are often forgetful. Rather than becoming frustrated, let your child complete one part of the instruction at a time, then give another.
Keep eye contact with your child. If necessary, gently hold their chin so that they are looking at you when you speak. Children tend to listen more closely when they are looking at you as you speak.
Structure your day as much as possible. Keep nap times, meal times and dinner times at the same time each day. Having the day predictable for the child will help them cope better. Let them know any disruptions that may happen and what to expect. Let them know what you expect of the
them plenty of time to release energy. Set up times during the day for them to run or release energy. Make daily trips to the playground or play outside. If stuck in the house, use a radio or CD and have them dance.
Choose toys carefully. Children with ADHD can be emotionally immature. Allow toys that will benefit them developmentally and also provide toys to stretch their intelligence. (Children with ADHD do not have a lower intelligence level.)
Integrate learning techniques. Use as many as the senses as possible when teaching a new skill. If you are teaching your child colors find items they can touch, eat, or smell. Have them draw with crayons. Having learning become interactive will help them learn more quickly.
Create an environment to help them succeed. Accept they may be accident prone and put away items you don’t want broken. Use simple organizational structures they can use to put away toys. Use pictures on drawers to help them know what is inside.
Choose behavioral management techniques that are immediate. A child will have a hard time relating a consequence to an action if they do not happen simultaneously. Make rewards immediate as well. Give praise often when your child behaves correctly.
difficult for your child. If they will need to sit for extended periods, bring along small activities, drinks and snacks to keep them occupied. If you are going to be in a high stimulus area, be prepared to remove your child for a few minutes to help them calm down and then return to the activity.
For things your child must remember, use rhymes or songs. Have them help you make up the rhymes and songs to make this even more successful. (This works well for learning to spell their name or remember their phone number.)
Find what your child does well. If they are creative (and many children with ADHD are) supply items that will encourage their talents.
Be consistent. Consistency is the most important part of behavioral management when working with children with ADHD. The more consistent you are, the more they will know exactly what to expect and be able to follow your rules.
The author continues to shed light on this over diagnosed problem.
Article from articlesbase.com