attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
ADHD, what exactly? Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a developmental disorder that usually produces inattention, distractibility, impulsiveness and hyperactivity in children who start before age seven. ADHD is a chronic disorder that occurs in 3-5% of children worldwide.The controversy surrounding ADHD has been around since the 70’s Some people do not even believe that ADHD is a real. Others believe he has a genetic or physiological basis controversy still surrounds the treatment of ADHD more .. Treatments include behavioral changes, changes in lifestyle, advice and stimulating drugs. Now a days every time a child is hyper parents think it’s ADHD. Between 2-16% of children in school are diagnosed with ADHD and given medication for this disorder. Many children, however, are usually misdiagnosed. Many symptoms of ADHD can be attributed to other disorders, many of which can accompany ADHD. Because such combinations of disorders appear together, which can complicate diagnosis. There are five behavioral symptoms that were attributed to ADHD, but are not really symptoms of ADHD directly. Many of these symptoms are misdiagnosed as ADHD when in fact they are their own mess and should be treated as such. The five problems are anxiety, depression, disruptive behavior, learning disabilities and sensory integration disorder. 1. Anxiety is a physiological and psychological condition which results in feelings of anxiety, apprehension and fear. Anxiety can be triggered by a person, place, or even a feeling. The stimulus may be even unidentifiable outward to others. It is more difficult to diagnose children with anxiety due in large part to the fact that children express their feelings much less than adults. Children with anxiety or concern typically appear on zoned. This is due to their inner thoughts of concern. Children with anxiety do not know how to manage or express their anxiety and perceive their threats as inevitable and uncontrollable. 2. Depression is a mood disorder characterized by feelings of sadness, helplessness and hopelessness that can lead to an aversion to the activity. Depression can impair thinking abilities, memory, cognitive flexibility, and attention. People who suffer from depression usually appear out of it. They have trouble concentrating, become irritable and have a lack of interest or initiation. Depression has no single cause. Family history, pessimistic personality, trauma and stress, physical conditions, and other psychological disorders may all be associated with depression. For others, the depression did not trigger or cause. Because children have more difficulty expressing their emotions, it is important to identify depression in children through the assessment of child behavior in several contexts. 3. Disruptive behavior is where a child will not settle and become troublesome or disorderly. Especially in a school can become a problem when the disruptive student does not allow other students to learn. In some cases, children may intentionally disrupt, to show, be funny or cool air. However, children who have disruptive behavior in general feel frustrated and rebel against the authority to draw attention to themselves. These types of children do not develop adequate self-control, which leads them to act on and eventually cause distraction to other classmates.
4. Learning disabilities is a classification of disorders in which a person has learning difficulties. These problems have affected the brain’s ability to receive and process information making it very difficult for anyone to learn. Because we do not know what causes this problem in the brain with learning disabilities are impossible to heal. However, there are other ways to work around learning disabilities. Intervention and support are the most important options available to someone with a learning disability. Learning disabilities in children can cause inattention, disruptive behavior, anxiety and depression. There are many learning disabilities such as reading, writing, mathematics disorder, visual perception, auditory processing, nonverbal, dyslexia, etc.
5. Sensory Integration Disorder (SID) is a neurological disorder where the person is unable to coordinate sensory information as it comes through the senses. When present in a child, the child may seem inattentive or rather as hyperactive. This is caused by the child is hypersensitive or under sensitive to sensory stimuli around him / her. A child with sensory integration disorder may be distressed by noises, bright lights, rough textures, or smells, or conversely, may need to manage things, hang upside down, or scream loudly
As you can tell from the descriptions of each of these disorders, most symptoms are identical or very similar. Many of these disorders accompany each other and therefore the person may be dealing with several different disorders simultaneously. Because many of these disorders are now affecting children as well as its important to assess and diagnose correctly. In this way we can properly process to correct the disorder and stop overmedicating of our children, which may cause them harm their future.